Question: What Is The Meaning Of Topography In Geography?

What is topography in simple words?

Topography means the description of shape.

The word comes from Greek: τόπος “place” and γράφω “(I) write”.

It is an important part of earth science.

When you talk of the topography of the land, you refer to the landscape features like valleys, hills and mountains, rivers and lakes, or the coastline..

How is topography determined?

A classic and familiar example of the output of measuring terrain is a topographic map, showing with its contours and shading the heights and lows of the country. Measure the heights and depths of the terrain. A topographic map’s contour lines derive from regularly measured or extrapolated elevations.

What does contour line mean?

Contour line, a line on a map representing an imaginary line on the land surface, all points of which are at the same elevation above a datum plane, usually mean sea level. map: contour lines. The diagram illustrates how contour lines show relief by joining points of equal elevation.

Why is topography important in agriculture?

Topography is one of the most obvious causes of variation found in field crops both for its direct effect on micro-climate and for related soil fac- tors such as soil temperature, which influences germination, tiller production and crop growth.

What is relief in geography?

Terrain or relief (also topographical relief) involves the vertical and horizontal dimensions of land surface. … In physical geography, terrain is the lay of the land. This is usually expressed in terms of the elevation, slope, and orientation of terrain features.

Is topography the same as geography?

The main difference between Topography and Geography is that the Topography is a field of science and Geography is a science that studies the terrestrial surface, the societies that inhabit it and the territories, landscapes, places or regions that form it when interacting with each other.

What is topography Class 8?

Topographical maps are large scale maps that show both natural features (such as mountains, hills, rivers, plateaus, ridges, etc) and human-made features (such as roads, railway tracks, temples, bridges, buildings, etc).

Why is topography useful?

Topographic maps are an important tool because they can represent the three-dimensional landscape in two dimensions. A person who can read a topo map can find out the location of peaks, valleys, ridges and saddles, among other land features.

How many types of topography are there?

Topographic maps depict four main types of features: Landforms: hills, valleys, gullies, ridges… Water courses: rivers, swamps, coastal… Vegetation: national parks, farmland, plantations…

How does topography affect climate?

The topography of an area can influence the weather and climate. Topography is the relief of an area. If an area is close to a body of water it tends to make milder climates. Mountainous areas tend to have more extreme weather because it acts as a barrier to air movements and moisture.

What is land topography define it with example?

Definition. Topography of the Land Surface. The three-dimensional arrangement of physical attributes (such as shape, height, and depth) of a land surface in a place or region. Physical features that make up the topography of an area include mountains, valleys, plains, and bodies of water.

What is the example of topography?

Topographical Features Examples include mountains, hills, valleys, lakes, oceans, rivers, cities, dams, and roads. Elevation – The elevation, or height, of mountains and other objects is recorded as part of topography. It is usually recorded in reference to sea level (the surface of the ocean).

What are the elements of topography?

Topographic Mapping Elements for Digital Map Productscontour lines.contour related text.spot elevations.spot elevation related text.

What is a synonym for topography?

Synonyms. configuration shape contour form conformation. Antonyms. angularity roundness crookedness straightness straight.

What is topography and its types?

Topography refers to the shape, relief, contours, roughness and other dimensions of the Earth’s surface. This can include both natural geological features and man-made structures. Surveys are conducted to study, measure and map topographical features to give a detailed visualization of an area.

What are four main uses of topographic maps?

Topographic maps show contours, elevation, forest cover, marsh, pipelines, power transmission lines, buildings and various types of boundary lines such as international, provincial and administrative, and many others.

What is the topography of Earth?

Land topography is a digital image of the three-dimensional structure of the Earth’s surface. Shading indicates changes in slope or elevation. The relief shading in this topographic map comes mostly from elevation data collected by space-based radars.

Is a desert a topographic feature?

Topography is defined as the formations on the crust of the Earth, including mountains, valleys, and canyons. The presence of mountains can contribute to an area, such as a desert, getting little rainfall. Mountains cause hot air to cool, which means less water can be held in the air.