Question: What Are The Social Impacts Of Tsunamis?

What were the economic impacts of the 2004 tsunami?

In terms of the death toll and the number of displaced people, this was the worst natural disaster in recorded history in Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Thailand.

The total economic cost of damage was estimated at US$ 9.4 billion.

In Aceh the cost of damage (US$4.5billion), was almost equal to its GDP in the previous year..

How does disaster affect the economy?

Natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, typhoons, and hurricanes inflict serious damage and so seem to be bad for the economy. For firms, natural disasters destroy tangible assets such as buildings and equipment – as well as human capital – and thereby deteriorate their production capacity.

What happens after a tsunami hits land?

Just like other water waves, tsunamis begin to lose energy as they rush onshore – part of the wave energy is reflected offshore, while the shoreward-propagating wave energy is dissipated through bottom friction and turbulence. …

Which island is affected by tsunami in 2004?

Sumatra islandA powerful undersea earthquake that struck off the coast of Sumatra island, Indonesia, set off the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, also known as the Christmas or Boxing Day tsunami, on Sunday morning, Dec.

How did the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami affect the environment?

A number of varied coastal and land ecosystems were affected by the tsunami, particularly coral reefs. About 15 to 20 percent of the coral reefs were affected by the tsunami – due to siltation and sand infiltration. The backwash from the tsunami wave carried debris from inland areas that also damaged the coral reefs.

Are tsunamis good for the environment?

A new study which received a health dose of serendipity has revealed that earthquakes and tsunamis may actually have a huge environmental benefit on beaches.

What were the social impacts of the 2004 tsunami?

Tsunami of December 2004, caused by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake, is the most infamous tsunami of modern times with disastrous consequences in many areas [1](i)humanitarian toll: it affected more than 18 countries from Southeast Asia to Southern Africa, killing more than 250,000 people in a single day and leaving more …

What are the primary and secondary effects of tsunamis?

Tsunamis may cause flooding in coastal areas. Disease may spread. … Secondary effects occur as a result of the primary effects, eg tsunamis or fires due to ruptured gas mains.

How can tsunamis be prevented?

Avoid building or living in buildings within several hundred feet of the coastline. … If you do live in a coastal area, elevate your home to help reduce damage. … Take precautions to prevent flooding.Have an engineer check your home and advise about ways to make it more resistant to tsunami water.More items…

Which countries are most affected by tsunamis?

Tsunamis occur most often in the Pacific Ocean and Indonesia because the Pacific Rim bordering the Ocean has a large number of active submarine earthquake zones. However, tsunamis have also occurred recently in the Mediterranean Sea region and are expected in the Caribbean Sea as well.

What are the impacts of a tsunami?

Tsunamis not only destroy human life, but have a devastating effect on insects, animals, plants, and natural resources. A tsunami changes the landscape. It uproots trees and plants and destroys animal habitats such as nesting sites for birds.

What are the short term impacts of a tsunami?

Short term effect The short effect of the tsunami was that there was no homes, no food, no cloths. Many people lost there jobs when the tsunami attacked, many people injured. The tsunami also destroyed many people happiness.

What are the causes and effects of tsunami?

A tsunami is a series of large waves generated by an abrupt movement on the ocean floor that can result from an earthquake, an underwater landslide, a volcanic eruption or – very rarely – a large meteorite strike. However, powerful undersea earthquakes are responsible for most tsunamis.

How do humans respond to tsunamis?

Survive DURING. If you are in a tsunami area and there is an earthquake, then first protect yourself from the earthquake. Drop, Cover, and Hold On. … When the shaking stops, if there are natural signs or official warnings of a tsunami, then move immediately to a safe place as high and as far inland as possible.

How does a tsunami affect the economy?

Daily life for individuals in a nation affected by a tsunami changes because of the damage the disaster causes to the economy. … Rebuilding after a tsunami puts a significant financial strain on governments as well, resulting in an economic downturn that can affect entire regions of the world.

What are the long term effects of a tsunami?

Tsunami flooding then continues to cause damage for several more weeks. The effects of the tsunami on the country during this period range from destruction and damage, death, injury, millions of dollars in financial loss, and long lasting psychological problems for the inhabitants of the region.

How is a tsunami warning system a benefit to society?

High-tech warnings Education is crucial in saving lives so that people living or visiting coastal areas know to evacuate immediately to higher ground if they feel a large earthquake.

What are consequences of natural disasters?

Natural disasters cause destruction of property, loss of financial resources, and personal injury or illness. The loss of resources, security and access to shelter can lead to massive population migrations in lesser-developed countries.